Crop Farmers assist or manage farms that grow a wide variety of crops. These include cereals such as wheat, barley or maize; pulses, such as peas and beans; vegetable crops, such as potatoes, carrots and onions; and grasses for seed.

Crop Farmers may do some or all of the following and more: Decide what crops will grow and in what paddocks; prepare land for planting and plant seeds; shift irrigators; comply with spray and environmental regulations; harvest and sell crops; train and supervise farm workers; burn or bale stubble or straw after harvest.

Is it for me?

If you enjoy working outdoors, horticulture and operating machinery then crop farming could be for you. You need to be willing to work late and irregular hours as well.

How to get there:

Useful subjects to take at school are: agriculture, horticulture, workshop technology, maths, English and science. There are no specific requirements to becoming a Crop Farmer, but an agricultural qualification should help. You can become a Crop Farmer apprentice through the Modern Apprenticeships scheme. It's is essential to have a driver's licence and a heavy vehicle driver's licence is useful too.


Crop Farmers will generally work between eight to ten hours a day, but you could be expected to work long and irregular hours (including weekends) during the busy seasons such as harvest in the Summer.

Chance of employment:

If you're enthusiastic and experienced or hold a relevant qualification, you should find it easy to be employed as a cropping farmer. September to March is the best time to look for work as this is the busiest season.


A Crop Farmer will earn anywhere between $30,000 to $70,000 a year depending on qualifications, experience and seniority of position held. Pay will also depend on the scale and profitability of the cropping operation.

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